Konferenz von Evian 1938 (Teil 2)

Konferenz von Evian
Trügerische Kulisse: Schweizer Kurort Evian

Palestine Post



EVIAN, Wednesday (R). – No formal session was held this morning at the opening of the conference on international refugees, and the various delegations held preliminary talks only.

It is considered possible that an attempt will he made to induce each of the countries to take a certain quota of refugees. At the moment, the problem of finance is the most important. Indications of the practical help the United States and British Governments will afford towards the solution of the German and Austrian refugees problem were given at the opening session of the Conference this afternoon.

Mr. Myron Taylor, the United States delegate, said that the scope of the problem was so big that the present Conference could only establish the machinery and tackle the most urgent question — that of the German and Austrian refugees.

The United States would do everything possible by increasing its present quota of 27,000 German immigrants per year. He proposed the establishment of a permanent organization to meet in Paris to examine the main questions.

The British delegate, Lord Winterton, said that H.M. Government, within their limited means, was ready to work with the other Governments in the examination of the question of sending the refugees to the Colonies.

The Government has already inquired concerning the number of families which the latter could receive.

French Difficulties

The French delegate, M. Berenger, concurred that it was essential that practical measures should be prepared with a view to facilitating the emigration of refugees, but he pointed out that France already had 200,000 emigrants in her population of 40,000,000, and had already spent millions of francs on this problem.


LONDON, Wednesday (Paleor). —Devoting its first editorial article today to the Evian Conference on Refugees, „The Times“ trenchantly condemned Nazi treatment of Jews which „is unworthy of the German people and a most formidable obstacle to better understanding with other nations.“

The paper continued that this callous brutality was driving the strongest-minded Jews to suicide and making life for the majority a hopeless misery.

The German Government had secured £7,000,000 in 1937 from the „Flight“ tax imposed on Jews, flinging their impoverished subjects on the benevolence of other countries.

Offence Against Nations

The offence was not only against Jews, but against the whole community of nations, „The Times“ continued.

So far as they could be absorbed, numbers of the refugees would be welcomed in other countries with humane standards, but the principle , must be emphatically upheld that each country was responsible for the pro-1 per treatment of their own Jewish population.

In another editorial on Palestine, the paper expressed disappointment at the fact that the outrages were unending.

„The cruelty of the Arab bands is unabated, and kidnapping follows murder. Although the quartering of troops in the villages has encouraged the inhabitants, the number is insufficient for a comprehensive disarmament of the country and it is impossible to expect an early termination of the tragic state while the Mufti of Jerusalem is using French Mandated territory to continue his operations.

An improvement can only be expected in the autumn with the arrival of fresh British infantry battalions. The Jerusalem correspondent of „The Times“ has reproduced yester-day’s comment in the Hebrew press in condemnation of the violence.

„The Manchester Guardian“

Concluding a long article on the Evian Conference, „The Manchester Guardian“ on Monday declared that the position of Jews and non-Aryans in Germany and Austria had become utterly intolerable.

‚The Government of the Reich, having first impoverished Jews and those partially of the Jewish race, and then forced Jewry outside of Germany to make an unprecedented effort for the assistance of the afflicted people, seemed now anxious to blackmail the conscience of humanity‘, the paper said.

Im Jahr 1938 war die Lage der Juden nicht nur in Deutschland und Österreich brisant, sondern auch in Palästina.

Arabischer Aufstand

In Palästina tobte seit 1936 der arabische Aufstand, der sich hauptsächlich gegen die britische Mandatsmacht, aber auch gegen die jüdischen Einwanderer richtete.

Der 07.Juli 1938 war ein besonders schlimmer Tag, wie die Palestine Post berichtete:

Alleine in der Küstenstadt Haifa kamen bei Auseinandersetzungen 18 Araber und 15 Juden ums Leben, weitere 69 Araber und 10 Juden wurden verletzt.

— Schlesinger

* Im Original. Schreibfehler?

Hervorhebungen nicht im Original

Quelle: Archiv

Photo: Wikimedia, gemeinfrei

Teil 1 finden Sie hier.